This year’s recipients are health policy researcher Jasmin Bhawra, who will study the long-term effects of climate change on mental health and on food access and availability, and geological sciences researcher Elliott Skierszkan, who will improve water security for Canadian Arctic communities.
“We are very proud that these two talented scholars who aspire to become research leaders of tomorrow will work on these important projects at USask,” said USask Vice-President of Research Karen Chad. “This research will help improve Indigenous Peoples’ health and provide vital knowledge for water planning that will help mitigate the effects of a warming climate.”
The Banting Fellowship is awarded to post-doctoral researchers, both nationally and internationally, who work on projects that will contribute to Canada’s economic and social growth.
Improving Indigenous Peoples’ mental health and access to food
Working with Indigenous communities in northern Saskatchewan and the Northwest Territories, Bhawra will investigate the impact of climate change on mental health and food security.
“Climate change and natural disasters such as floods and droughts contribute to anxiety and depression, and these issues are exacerbated among those who struggle with food insecurity,” she said. “We will look at how climate change affects the food system as a whole, and what strategies Indigenous Peoples are using to cope with these changes to develop community-driven adaptation policies.”
Environmental changes already affect Indigenous Peoples’ access to traditional fishing and hunting grounds. While shorter winters may mean longer growing seasons, it is less viable for many northern communities to keep practicing traditional food acquisition because of changes in wildlife and to the environment.
To engage with remote communities and gather data, Bhawra will use the innovative mobile health SMART platform developed by DEPtH Lab in the Johnson Shoyama Graduate School of Public Policy, a joint collaboration between USask and the University of Regina. To increase access to the Internet for northern communities where this could be an issue, Bhawra and her team will negotiate free data packages for remote areas.
“The Indigenous communities will take center stage,” said Bhawra. “Using our smartphone-based platform, they will provide direct feedback on their issues and engage in real-time with researchers, other community members and possibly policy makers. We will also be able to share our results directly with the communities months before publication, so that they will be able to make timely decisions based on this knowledge.”
She said that this approach helps empower Indigenous communities by giving them a voice in generating research evidence as citizen-scientists.
Because the data is gathered via mobile phone, Bhawra can conduct studies in remote areas. The plan is to expand this research on a global scale involving Indigenous communities in Norway and Australia to study how mental health and food security are affected by a warming climate.
“As we learn about Indigenous communities’ strategies to cope with these changes, our research will provide policy makers with the information they need for ongoing monitoring and program planning to improve food access for these communities and elsewhere in Canada,” said USask public policy professor Ken Coates, Bhawra’s supervisor and Canada Research Chair in Regional Innovation.
Bhawra said she is very grateful and excited to do this research that will help make changes in the areas of public policy and digital epidemiology.